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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Fralin, Scott; Finney, Trevor; Cline, David P.; Ogle, J. Todd; +1 Authors

    This exhibit features work from Virginia Tech's Technology-enhanced Learning and Online Strategies and computer science, education, and public history programs and an app developed around the history of the CI called CI-Spy. Founded in 1866 with 200 students, the Christiansburg Institute (CI) was a school that educated newly emancipated African Americans. As schools desegregated, fewer students attended the CI, and in the spring of 1966, its final senior class of 22 students graduated. 2016/08/22 - 2016/09/30

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Lowman, Ian Nathaniel;

    In the 9th century CE, a vast polity centered on the region of Angkor was taking shape in what is today Cambodia and Northeast Thailand. At this time the polity's inhabitants, the Khmers, began to see themselves as members of a community of territorial integrity and shared ethnic identity. This sense of belonging, enshrined in the polity's name, Kambujadesa (i.e., Cambodia) or "the land of the descendants of Kambu," represents one of the most remarkable local cultural innovations in Southeast Asian history. However, the history and implications of early Cambodian identity have thus far been largely overlooked. In this study I use the evidence from the Old Khmer and Sanskrit inscriptions to argue that Angkorian Cambodia (9th-15th centuries CE) was at its conceptual core an ethnic polity or a "nation"--an analytic category signifying, in Steven Grosby's words, an extensive "territorial community of nativity." The inscriptions of Cambodia's provincial elite suggest that the polity's autonomy and its people's common descent were widely disseminated ideals, celebrated in polity-wide myths and perpetuated in representations of the polity's foreign antagonists. I contend that this culture of territorial nativity contradicts the prevailing cosmological model of pre-modern politics in Southeast Asian studies, which assumes that polities before the 19th century were characterized by exaggerated royal claims to universal power and the absence of felt communities beyond extended family and religion. At the same time I seek to problematize standard historical accounts of the nation which fail to observe the affinity between territoriality and fictive kinship in select political cultures before the era of ideological nationalism.

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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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    Authors: Cubero, Aloe; Garrido, Rocio;

    There is a growing trend towards a feminization of migration which calls for an urgent intersectional analysis in migration and integration research. Migrant women are exposed to numerous barriers that make difficult to participate in host communities due to the intersections between their gender, ethnicity, migratory status, etc. These barriers range from structural to daily discrimination in the shape of sexism and racism, particularly for women from regions further south of Africa. Undertaken in collaboration with a local NGO in Southern Spain, this study aims to approach African migrant women's experiences and to promote agency and participation in host communities. It was framed in Feminist Participatory Action-Research (FPAR) based on photovoice. The participants (n = 15) generated and shared photo-narratives about their daily experiences during five sessions that were participatively analyzed, classified into four themes as follows: (1) migratory projects; (2) violence and discrimination; (3) health and social care; and (4) to be and resist as an African migrant woman. Photovoice was valued as a safe, non-hierarchical, and caring environment that promoted agency in participants and reflexivity in researchers. Our results highlight the importance and necessity on undertaking FPAR in collaboration with social organizations for emancipatory research praxis and put the emphasis on photovoice as a transformational method.

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  • Authors: Beltrán Antolín, Joaquín; Feliu Samuel-Lajeunesse, Joel; Frade Blas, Carlos; Pujadas Muñoz, Joan J.;

    Recurs d'aprenentatge de la Universitat Oberta de Catalunya. Recurso de aprendizaje de la "Universitat Oberta de Catalunya". Learning material of the "Universitat Oberta de Catalunya".

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    Authors: Universitat de Barcelona. Centre de Recerca Polis; Direcció Tècnica d'Urbanisme;

    Pla detall de la placa que explica l'orígen del nom del carrer. Mesura 0,61 x 0,76 metres i és de ceràmica.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Dueñas JM; Santiago-Larrieu B; Ferre-Rey G; Cosi S;

    © 2020, PsychOpen. All rights reserved. The aims of the present study are to identify the role that family socialisation styles play in ambivalent sexism and whether differences in sexism can be attributed to gender. We used a sample of 207 adolescents (56.5% girls), all of whom attended state schools and were aged between 14 and 18 years old, with an average age of 16.2 (SD = 1.7). The instruments used were the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI) consisting of two factors – hostile sexism and benevolent sexism – and the Family Socialization Scale (SOC-30) made up of four subscales: support, punishment/coercion, overprotection/control, and reprobation. The results show that boys presented higher levels of ambivalent sexism than girls and the reprobation of adolescents was the family socialization type that had the strongest associations with ambivalent sexism scales in both genders. The data suggest that family socialisation dynamics play an important role in the acquisition and retention of sexist attitudes.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Repositori Instituci...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Repositori Instituci...arrow_drop_down
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Cho, Jane Jangeun;

    This dissertation identifies Korean international students as immigrants, as conduits of knowledge transfer, and as agents of change. Part of the American Cold War policy was to establish Korea's higher educational institutions with a core group of US-educated people. Figuring prominently in this story is the US government's use of foreign assistance as a diplomatic tool to build its influence abroad. The Korean government readily accepted the aid but imprinted its designs on the American blueprint to reflect its own goal of building a modern nation-state. American universities under contract with the US government assisted the redesign of key departments at Seoul National University (SNU) and the establishment of Korea Advanced Institute of Science (KAIS). Planned as model universities or paradigms for other Korean institutes of higher education, both national institutes became the standard bearers of "modern" knowledge. Both projects favored US-educated Koreans. To this end, the majority of the faculty members in the departments selected for restructuring at SNU was sent to the US to be trained and the overwhelming majority of KAIS' inaugural faculty members held doctoral degrees from the United States. The benefits and prestige associated with an American education in the Korean society contributed to a positive cultural representation of the US as a whole. This caused a growing number of Koreans to immigrate to the US to pursue their studies. These international students were central to Korean American immigration. They were information brokers, the first links to chain migration, and contributors to the changing racial and ethnic make-up of the American population in the twentieth century.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ eScholarship - Unive...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Sánchez García, Manuel;

    Editor introduction of the special dossier on historic spaces and architectures in videogames for Culture & History Digital Journal. Área de Composición Arquitectónica, Departamento de Construcciones Arquitectónicas, Universidad de Granada Dipartimento di Architettura e Design, Politecnico di Torino HUM 813: Architecture and Contemporary Culture

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    Authors: de Lombera-Hermida A; Rodríguez-Álvarez X; Peña L; Sala-Ramos R; +5 Authors
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    Authors: Li, Peiting Carrie;

    This project investigates not the inexplicable cures that healed the sick in early 20th-century China, but the transformations in the hierarchies of knowledge on which Western medical authority was based. I look at simultaneously existing paradigms of authority surrounding doctors of Western medicine, scientific medical knowledge, and Chinese herbal medicine in the print media of 1920s Shanghai. The historical confluence of challenges to Chinese medicine and the rise of Western medicine are the backdrop of this story. The fall of the last dynasty in 1911 prompted Chinese reformers to question their guiding paradigms in all areas of life, including language and politics, science and medicine. Intellectuals like Liang Qichao condemned traditional Chinese culture, which was seen as weakening China in the face of foreign imperialism. Chinese medicine however, was not completely repudiated. For all the harsh criticism of Chinese theories of knowing the body based on concepts like yin yang, and methods of diagnosis such as pulse reading, in areas of treatment, herbal and mineral especially, doctors and patients still viewed their native medicine as retaining some value. For prior to the rise of medical schools in the mid-19th century and lab-based biomedicine in the mid-20th century, doctors of Western medicine – often portrayed as charlatans hawking unproven nostrums – struggled to respond effectively to diseases. I ask how Chinese doctors of Western medicine in Shanghai made a case for themselves as figures of authority at a time when Western medicine was ascendant yet could not offer reliable cures for many of the major diseases of the time. Drawing on professional medical journals, popular newspapers, and legal regulations, I show how physicians presented themselves as ethical professionals; how medical journals turned subjective experience into objective scientific knowledge; and the ways professional, popular, and state reporting transformed authoritative herbs into efficacious drugs. The forms of institutional organization and knowledge production that created this medical authority simultaneously produced a whole host of tensions: between professional ethics and medical entrepreneurship; scientific knowledge that was locally contingent but sought to be globally coherent; and between authentic and commodified indigenous medicine. I argue that a particular formation of Sino-Western medicine, knowledge production, and the market in Republican Shanghai resulted in print media restructuring hierarchies of knowledge production to hinge less on asserting the inherent qualities of medical experts, knowledge, or drugs, and more on articulating the institutional processes that validated claims as an expert physician, producer of medical knowledge, and purveyor of effective medical treatments.

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    Authors: Fralin, Scott; Finney, Trevor; Cline, David P.; Ogle, J. Todd; +1 Authors

    This exhibit features work from Virginia Tech's Technology-enhanced Learning and Online Strategies and computer science, education, and public history programs and an app developed around the history of the CI called CI-Spy. Founded in 1866 with 200 students, the Christiansburg Institute (CI) was a school that educated newly emancipated African Americans. As schools desegregated, fewer students attended the CI, and in the spring of 1966, its final senior class of 22 students graduated. 2016/08/22 - 2016/09/30

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    Authors: Lowman, Ian Nathaniel;

    In the 9th century CE, a vast polity centered on the region of Angkor was taking shape in what is today Cambodia and Northeast Thailand. At this time the polity's inhabitants, the Khmers, began to see themselves as members of a community of territorial integrity and shared ethnic identity. This sense of belonging, enshrined in the polity's name, Kambujadesa (i.e., Cambodia) or "the land of the descendants of Kambu," represents one of the most remarkable local cultural innovations in Southeast Asian history. However, the history and implications of early Cambodian identity have thus far been largely overlooked. In this study I use the evidence from the Old Khmer and Sanskrit inscriptions to argue that Angkorian Cambodia (9th-15th centuries CE) was at its conceptual core an ethnic polity or a "nation"--an analytic category signifying, in Steven Grosby's words, an extensive "territorial community of nativity." The inscriptions of Cambodia's provincial elite suggest that the polity's autonomy and its people's common descent were widely disseminated ideals, celebrated in polity-wide myths and perpetuated in representations of the polity's foreign antagonists. I contend that this culture of territorial nativity contradicts the prevailing cosmological model of pre-modern politics in Southeast Asian studies, which assumes that polities before the 19th century were characterized by exaggerated royal claims to universal power and the absence of felt communities beyond extended family and religion. At the same time I seek to problematize standard historical accounts of the nation which fail to observe the affinity between territoriality and fictive kinship in select political cultures before the era of ideological nationalism.

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    Authors: Cubero, Aloe; Garrido, Rocio;

    There is a growing trend towards a feminization of migration which calls for an urgent intersectional analysis in migration and integration research. Migrant women are exposed to numerous barriers that make difficult to participate in host communities due to the intersections between their gender, ethnicity, migratory status, etc. These barriers range from structural to daily discrimination in the shape of sexism and racism, particularly for women from regions further south of Africa. Undertaken in collaboration with a local NGO in Southern Spain, this study aims to approach African migrant women's experiences and to promote agency and participation in host communities. It was framed in Feminist Participatory Action-Research (FPAR) based on photovoice. The participants (n = 15) generated and shared photo-narratives about their daily experiences during five sessions that were participatively analyzed, classified into four themes as follows: (1) migratory projects; (2) violence and discrimination; (3) health and social care; and (4) to be and resist as an African migrant woman. Photovoice was valued as a safe, non-hierarchical, and caring environment that promoted agency in participants and reflexivity in researchers. Our results highlight the importance and necessity on undertaking FPAR in collaboration with social organizations for emancipatory research praxis and put the emphasis on photovoice as a transformational method.

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  • Authors: Beltrán Antolín, Joaquín; Feliu Samuel-Lajeunesse, Joel; Frade Blas, Carlos; Pujadas Muñoz, Joan J.;

    Recurs d'aprenentatge de la Universitat Oberta de Catalunya. Recurso de aprendizaje de la "Universitat Oberta de Catalunya". Learning material of the "Universitat Oberta de Catalunya".

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    Authors: Universitat de Barcelona. Centre de Recerca Polis; Direcció Tècnica d'Urbanisme;

    Pla detall de la placa que explica l'orígen del nom del carrer. Mesura 0,61 x 0,76 metres i és de ceràmica.

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    Authors: Dueñas JM; Santiago-Larrieu B; Ferre-Rey G; Cosi S;

    © 2020, PsychOpen. All rights reserved. The aims of the present study are to identify the role that family socialisation styles play in ambivalent sexism and whether differences in sexism can be attributed to gender. We used a sample of 207 adolescents (56.5% girls), all of whom attended state schools and were aged between 14 and 18 years old, with an average age of 16.2 (SD = 1.7). The instruments used were the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI) consisting of two factors – hostile sexism and benevolent sexism – and the Family Socialization Scale (SOC-30) made up of four subscales: support, punishment/coercion, overprotection/control, and reprobation. The results show that boys presented higher levels of ambivalent sexism than girls and the reprobation of adolescents was the family socialization type that had the strongest associations with ambivalent sexism scales in both genders. The data suggest that family socialisation dynamics play an important role in the acquisition and retention of sexist attitudes.

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    Authors: Cho, Jane Jangeun;

    This dissertation identifies Korean international students as immigrants, as conduits of knowledge transfer, and as agents of change. Part of the American Cold War policy was to establish Korea's higher educational institutions with a core group of US-educated people. Figuring prominently in this story is the US government's use of foreign assistance as a diplomatic tool to build its influence abroad. The Korean government readily accepted the aid but imprinted its designs on the American blueprint to reflect its own goal of building a modern nation-state. American universities under contract with the US government assisted the redesign of key departments at Seoul National University (SNU) and the establishment of Korea Advanced Institute of Science (KAIS). Planned as model universities or paradigms for other Korean institutes of higher education, both national institutes became the standard bearers of "modern" knowledge. Both projects favored US-educated Koreans. To this end, the majority of the faculty members in the departments selected for restructuring at SNU was sent to the US to be trained and the overwhelming majority of KAIS' inaugural faculty members held doctoral degrees from the United States. The benefits and prestige associated with an American education in the Korean society contributed to a positive cultural representation of the US as a whole. This caused a growing number of Koreans to immigrate to the US to pursue their studies. These international students were central to Korean American immigration. They were information brokers, the first links to chain migration, and contributors to the changing racial and ethnic make-up of the American population in the twentieth century.

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    Authors: Sánchez García, Manuel;

    Editor introduction of the special dossier on historic spaces and architectures in videogames for Culture & History Digital Journal. Área de Composición Arquitectónica, Departamento de Construcciones Arquitectónicas, Universidad de Granada Dipartimento di Architettura e Design, Politecnico di Torino HUM 813: Architecture and Contemporary Culture

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    Authors: de Lombera-Hermida A; Rodríguez-Álvarez X; Peña L; Sala-Ramos R; +5 Authors
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    Authors: Li, Peiting Carrie;

    This project investigates not the inexplicable cures that healed the sick in early 20th-century China, but the transformations in the hierarchies of knowledge on which Western medical authority was based. I look at simultaneously existing paradigms of authority surrounding doctors of Western medicine, scientific medical knowledge, and Chinese herbal medicine in the print media of 1920s Shanghai. The historical confluence of challenges to Chinese medicine and the rise of Western medicine are the backdrop of this story. The fall of the last dynasty in 1911 prompted Chinese reformers to question their guiding paradigms in all areas of life, including language and politics, science and medicine. Intellectuals like Liang Qichao condemned traditional Chinese culture, which was seen as weakening China in the face of foreign imperialism. Chinese medicine however, was not completely repudiated. For all the harsh criticism of Chinese theories of knowing the body based on concepts like yin yang, and methods of diagnosis such as pulse reading, in areas of treatment, herbal and mineral especially, doctors and patients still viewed their native medicine as retaining some value. For prior to the rise of medical schools in the mid-19th century and lab-based biomedicine in the mid-20th century, doctors of Western medicine – often portrayed as charlatans hawking unproven nostrums – struggled to respond effectively to diseases. I ask how Chinese doctors of Western medicine in Shanghai made a case for themselves as figures of authority at a time when Western medicine was ascendant yet could not offer reliable cures for many of the major diseases of the time. Drawing on professional medical journals, popular newspapers, and legal regulations, I show how physicians presented themselves as ethical professionals; how medical journals turned subjective experience into objective scientific knowledge; and the ways professional, popular, and state reporting transformed authoritative herbs into efficacious drugs. The forms of institutional organization and knowledge production that created this medical authority simultaneously produced a whole host of tensions: between professional ethics and medical entrepreneurship; scientific knowledge that was locally contingent but sought to be globally coherent; and between authentic and commodified indigenous medicine. I argue that a particular formation of Sino-Western medicine, knowledge production, and the market in Republican Shanghai resulted in print media restructuring hierarchies of knowledge production to hinge less on asserting the inherent qualities of medical experts, knowledge, or drugs, and more on articulating the institutional processes that validated claims as an expert physician, producer of medical knowledge, and purveyor of effective medical treatments.

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